Act East Policy UPSC: What Is Act East Policy 

The Act East Policy is an NDA Government policy which puts emphasis on the Pacific countries along with the South East Asian countries.

The recent advanced visits in a short time, reaching Myanmar to Fiji with an inclination to the shift from the Look East Policy.

The Act Easy Policy recognizes the position of the North East of India as the opening to the East and consequently, the expansion of the North Eastern region is a precedence in the policy.

Besides the ASEAN, India has to be vigorously involved in regional media such as Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC), Asia Cooperation Dialogue (ACD), Mekong Ganga Cooperation (MGC) and Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA).

Act East Policy 

  1. Guided by monetary and security interests
  2. More extended: South East Asia and East Asia
  3. Highlights current geopolitics of the province

Role of Act East Policy UPSC 

  • India’s Look East policy’ was revived as ”Act East Policy’ throughout the current External Affairs Minister visit to Hanoi, Vietnam.
  • The act east policy emphasis upon execution of 3 C’s- Commerce, connectivity, and nation. Active execution of the 3 C’s has the latent to renovate the picture of Indian economy and the region.
  • Northeast India, though remains out-of-the-way till date has got vast potential due to its sophisticated and socially greater population.
  • The region will be able to internally correct its balance of authority. The extreme occurrence of US in the region makes China feel dissatisfied
  • India’s new Act East Policy is in primary phase and it needs to revolve around the establishment of an association with ASEAN nations and others and must work to encourage economic revival, try to find tactical assistance to fight extremism, and improve seafaring security and defense cooperation.
  • Under the guidance of Prime Minister Narendra Modi, India’s new government has made kinships with East Asian neighbors a foreign policy priority at a time when US’s ‘pivot to Asia.
  • The Indian Foreign Minister Sushma Swaraj had planned a new viewpoint professing it Act East policy in agreement with Look East policy which was made known throughout the government of Prime Minister P.V. Narasimha Rao but seriously originated during the consecutive directions of Atal Bihari Vajpayee and Manmohan Singh.
  • India ‘s act east policy is a policy to augment the economic and military bonds with the ASEAN countries and countries that are placed in the eastern parts of India.
  • Act East Policy is adapted form of India’s Look East Policy which was in progress during the period of Prime Minister (PM) PV Narasimha Rao in 1993 after India became the liberal economy in 1991.
  • Act East Policy was taken along by Modi Government to counter China’s cumulative unions with the ASEAN countries and countries in the Indian Ocean.
  • China’s string of pearls project on top of One Belt One Road initiative can demonstrate adverseness in India and as a consequence, India needs to sustain the virtuous relation with a neighbor and ASEAN countries.
  • China constructed Gwadar Port in the Pakistan, Hambantota port in Sri Lanka, Chittagong port in Bangladesh, etc. are the stages that can prove destructive in the upcoming days for India.
  • India exhibits approximately 80-billion-dollar business with the ASEAN countries which are anticipated to rise to 200 billion dollars in coming future. India is not the member of the ASEAN but is teamed up with it.
  • Continuing good relations with ASEAN countries is to a great extent vital for India’s refuge along with for the economic growth of the country.
  • India is a member of BIMSTEC (Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation) with an objective to financially and technologically collaborate with other countries on the coast of Bay of Bengal.
  • India is making firm relations with the rival countries situated in China. Vietnam has bitter connections with China as they are at loggerheads with the issue concerning the South China Sea.
  • Numerous steps have been made reserved by the Indian government to develop the links with other countries like India approved USD 318 million loans for Sri Lanka railways development and correspondingly contract has been initiated with Bangladesh government to provide the stock of electricity to Bangladesh.
  • Modi Government is having a swing at dealing with China’s string of pearls policy. Many projects are underway which will demonstrate the worth of India in approaching days.