AFSPA UPSC: What is AFSPA

The Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act was announced in 1958 to hold down the government of India thought as disturbed’ areas.

AFSPA has been postponed to following six months in Nagaland.

The Centre is contemplating the fractional elimination of the Armed Forces Special Powers Act from Assam and Arunachal Pradesh.

The Supreme Court has lately instructed the CBI to establish a Special Investigation Team (SIT) to study the suspected cases of extra-legal murders in Manipur.

UPSC Exam Preparation- IAS Current Affairs in News- Understanding the Armed Forces Special Power Act(AFSPA).

Define AFSPA 


  • The section (3) of the Act authorizes governor of State/UT to subject an official notification in Gazette of India, on the instruction of which Centre has authority to direct armed forces for civilian aid. When professed as being disturbed, the region needs to continue status quo for a minimum of three months.
  • The Act gives special powers to army and state and central police forces to shoot to kill, search houses and finish any possessions belonging to rebels in disturbed areas. It also provides army personnel with protection against the malevolent, spiteful and inconsequential trial.
  • Armed Forces (Special Powers) Acts(AFSPA) are Acts of the Parliament of India that has an allowance for distinct authorities to the Indian Armed Forces and the state and paramilitary forces in areas distinguished as “disturbed areas”.
  • It gives supremacies to the army, state and central police forces to shoot to kill, search houses and abolish any property that is to be expected to be used by rebels in areas professed as disturbed by the home ministry.
  • AFSPA is appealed when an event of militancy or revolution occur, and the territorial veracity of India is in jeopardy.
  • Security forces have an authority to seize a person without the permit, who has committed or even “bordering on committing a distinguishable crime” even on the basis of “sensible doubt.
  • It too offers security forces with legal protection for their actions in disturbed areas.
  • Despite the fact that the armed forces and the government rationalize its need with the aim of combat militancy and revolution, the Act has been related to more than a few human rights violations with fake encounters, rape, torment, pain, kidnapping etc.
  • Through this, the law enforcement agencies, the armed forces come up with superior powers of search, confiscation, and seizure, without a warranty on commission or even distrust on the commission of illegal actions.
  • The Act makes available the legal insusceptibility to the members of the armed forces from prosecution. The permission of the Union is required.