BRICS UPSC: About, Significance, Documents & Other Details

The Cabinet has agreed to the ratification of Interbank Local Currency Credit Line Agreement and Cooperation Memorandum apropos of Credit Ratings by Exim Bank through member banks under BRICS Interbank Cooperation Mechanism.

These agreements were highlighted in BRICS Leaders Xiamen Declaration adopted in Xiamen, China in September 2017.

Cabinet has official Board of Directors of Exim Bank to exchange and settle any individual agreements and promises within their agenda as mutual arrangements are non-obligatory in nature.

The significance of Agreements 

They will indorse multifaceted communication based on shared interest which is intended for developing political and economic relations with BRICS nations. It will be sited in Exim Bank in the international platform in the company of large progressive economic institutes of BRICS member countries.

They will permit Exim Bank to influence these contracts and can go in mutual preparation with any of these member institutions to elevate capitals meant for the business. It will enable advancing in only currency by two-member institutions.

Exim Bank 

Exim Bank supports, helps, and encourages India’s international trade. It offers competitive finance at several phases of business cycle including import of technology, export production, export product development and transfer credit at pre-shipment and post-shipment stages and investments overseas. It increases capitals in the off-shore market in varied money and switches to lessen the jeopardy.

Cooperation Memorandum Relating to Credit Ratings 

It allows distribution of credit scores amongst BRICS member banks, because of 885 demands established by another bank. It aids in model contrivance to moderate credit hazards related to cross-border funding. It can also assist as pre-cursor to the suggestion of taking an alternate rating agency by BRICS nations.

Interbank Local Currency Credit Line Agreement 

It is a structured mechanism to spread the range of credit ranks in indigenous currencies to the BRICS’ Interbank Cooperation Mechanism (ICM) members. The preliminary Master Agreement on Extending Credit Facility in Local Currency under BRICS ICM had cogency of five years and invalidated in March 2017. Through the member banks of BRICS had arrived into bilateral agreements for local currency financing under Master Agreement signed in 2012.

Four documents were contracted in presence of BRICS Leaders

  • Strategic Framework of BRICS Customs Cooperation
  • BRICS Action Plan for Innovation Cooperation (2017-2020)
  • BRICS Action Agenda on Economic and Trade Cooperation
  • MoU between BRICS Business Council and New Development Bank on Strategic Cooperation

About BRICS 

  • BRICS is called as an organization of five major evolving national economies namely, Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa. It was recognized in 2009. In the beginning, it was acknowledged as BRIC before the introduction of South Africa in 2011. The original and appropriate conference was held in Yekaterinburg, Russia in 2009.
  • BRICS countries are renowned with countless, fast-growing economies and noteworthy effect on regional and international matters. They are residence to 42% of the world’s population. Their full share in the global economy has augmented from 12% to 23% in the past decade and collectively play a part than half of international development.