Doklam Issue UPSC: Clashes, Conflicts, War

The current deadlock between India and China at the Doklam plateau which is positioned at a tri-junction between India, China, and Bhutan has earned abundant consideration.

It became the prime armed stand-off between the two armies in an ordinate length of time.

There exist several who at the same time dread a war.

In this part of the article, it is to be reviewed in depth over the India-China border disagreements, the current Doklam issue, numerous India-China border contracts and some other topics between the two countries.

Border clashes between India and China 

The India-China borders can be broken down into three sectors

  1. Western Sector – Disputed– This includes the Aksai Chin segment. This district which in the beginning remained a portion of the state of Jammu and Kashmir is demanded by China as part of its self-directed Xinjiang region. Afterward the 1962 war, it is managed by China. It is another major Indo-China border area enclosing approx. 38000 sq. km. Though, it is an unpopulated land. On one hand, India asks for the whole Aksai Chin region along with the Shaksgam valley (Indian territory gifted to China by Pakistan), on the other hand, China contests Indian control over Daulat Beg Oldi (a tehsil in Leh, south of Aksai China-it is believed to crowd the world’s uppermost airstrip)
  2. Central Sector – Undisputed – Though China has become aware of India’s control over Sikkim and had started the trade at Nathu La pass, the Doklam fiasco could mean distress of any kind.
  3. Eastern Sector – Disputed – The Arunachal Pradesh border that China even now demands its own territory is the major doubtful area, shielding about 90000 sq. km. It was officially named as North East Frontier Agency. For the period of 1962 war, the People’s Liberation Army engaged it but they publicized a one-sided truce and took back its esteem respecting from the international boundary (Mcmahon Line).

The India-China War of 1962 

  • The cause of the war was an argument over the power of the Aksai Chin and Arunachal Pradesh.
  • But there stayed many motives and China’s observation in the direction of India was obscure as a risk to its regulation of Tibet.
  • The war was headed by numerous battles and armed actions between India and China in the summer of 1962.
  • At that time on October 20, 1962, People’s Liberation Army (PLA) of China invaded India in Ladakh and through the Mcmahon line in the Arunachal Pradesh.

India-China border conflicts after the war 

  • There stood around a range of occurrences of Chinese hordes toward the inside the Indian side and Indian hordes toward the inside of Chinese cross.
  • Yet, the Indo-China border has continued to exist mainly calmly, apart from the event of 1967 when there existed two events of fortified battle primarily at Nathu La and next at Cho La.
  • It got underway when the PLA began an attack on Indian posts at Nathu La. The struggle at Nathu La took 5 days and the individual at Cho La finished on an equal day.
  • The upshot was further aggregable to India since they remained unequal to send in return the Chinese military and consequently, the 1967 battles are perceived as a victory for India.