French Revolution UPSC: Political, Social, Economic Causes & Other Details

The French Revolution proved to be a defining moment in the history of people as it finished the primitive sovereign autocracy, outdated regulations, and communal disparity.

It presented initially the notion of political belief on grounds of Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity, which prejudiced the whole land of Europe and as well the world.

Causes of the French Revolution 

One of the reasons for the occurrence of French revolution comprise the radical, common and monetary features that were widespread in France before the eruption of the rebellion. Given below is a good account on the same topic

Political Causes 

France was governed with a reign called House of Bourbon, which resolutely which is supposed in Political absolutism and the Divine Right theory that they were governments of God and they were accountable merely to God.

Social Causes 

The French society was distributed into the three estates. The first estate was the invention of the ministry of the Roman Catholic Church. It possessed 10 percent of the land in France. It delivered education and aid facilities to the poor and impacted around two percent of its revenue to the government. They had no political power but continued to be trustworthy to the king.

Economic Causes  

The pecuniary circumstance of France was incredibly dangerous throughout the dominion of Louis XVI. The national liability had augmented in excess. The national income was not more than general outlay.

The outcome was that the king struggled to assemble state revenue by marketing important workplaces of the government. After a long wait, the king selected fiscal specialists Turgot and Jacques Necker as Director-General of Finances. They strived to put a limit on imperial outflow and expand the revenue for the government. Nonetheless, their actions did not obtain the encouragement of the aristocracies.

Major Events of the French Revolution 

National Assembly 

Under the assembly’s feudal rubrics, nation’s representatives encountered a distinct hall to vote, and each land had one vote. The two honored lands could continuously win over the Third Estate. The Third Estate delegates, frequently associates of the bourgeoisie, whose opinions were formed by the concepts of Freedom and Community, were keen to make variations in the government

Fall of the Bastille  

The King was aware of the National Assembly, so far, he became certain of overpowering it. Many militaries were transported to Versailles and Paris. Necker, the general minister was also discharged. Taking notice of this, the throng of Paris turned ferocious.

Work of the National Assembly (1789 – 1791) 

The National Assembly adopted the Constituent Assembly. It withdrew the announcement of the Rights of Man. The new constitution recruited by the Constituent Assembly offered a restricted kingdom to France.

The names of the aristocracies were eliminated, and judges remonstrated. The method of torture was abolished. New central and local courts were established. Judges were designated. Drastic action was reserved against the church. Complete spiritual acceptance was declared.

The Split of National Assembly 

In spite of the new government, old subjects for instance food scarcities and administration responsibility remained. Angry shouts for further freedom, more equivalence, and more bread brought about the Revolution’s leaders to spurn another person. The Legislative Assembly divided into three overall groups, each of which took a seat in a dissimilar portion of the meeting hall.