Government Schemes for UPSC: Background, Rationalization & Other Details

The Union Government known as Finance Ministry in consultation with Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has initiated the first share of self-governing gold bonds (SGBs) for present economic (FY 2018-19).

It will be retailed due to banks, elected post offices and recognized stock exchanges that is NSE and BSE and Stock Holding Corporation of India Limited (SHCIL).


Households in India embrace great sum of their savings as physical properties for instance gold, silver and additional costly metals and real estate. Gold especially has for long-held tremendous attraction individually as investment opportunity along with the stock of worth. Indian households and temple trusts are projected to be retaining 22,000 tonnes of gold.

Sovereign Gold Bond (SGB) Scheme 

SGB Scheme is heading for looking after discretion to purchasing physical gold. Underneath it, bonds are designated in elements of one gram of gold and multiples concerning this. These golds selected bonds that are impeded for the purpose of trade to inhabitant Indian objects, taking in individuals, Hindu whole families (HUF), trusts, colleges and liberal institutions.

The least payment for individual and HUF is 1 gram and maximum is 4 kg. For beliefs and comparable units, supreme payment is 20 kg per fiscal. Price of the word is secure in rupees on the root of unassuming regular concluding worth of gold of 999 purity made available by India Bullion and Jewellers Association Limited for last 3 functioning days of the week earlier the donation phase.

Jeewan Praman 

With the purpose to carry digitalization to each Indian domestic, Digital Life Certificate or Jeevan Pramaan is additional empowering machine initiated by Government of India to give the advantage to thousands of retirees in the nation. This is one more chief stage in the direction of self-certification.

Rationalization of centrally sponsored schemes 

The quantity of centrally backed schemes has been truncated by 2013 from 173 to 170. The enormous figure of these arrangements got people shocked these days. The amount has multiplied at a fast leap in the past five years. Whereas in 2007-08 they amounted to 99, in 2011-12 their number thrived to 147. Additional 26 systems that meet the requirements of central aid came up to 173.

Taking into account the matters like federalism and awareness raising of schemes, it would seem right to lop off and vindicate these arrangements. A considerable lesser number can meet the needs also if the subsequent facts are considered:

  • The schemes ought to be perceptively intended and rationalized to surpass affiliate system purposes and consequences.
  • An effort to offer states better tractability in directing the schemes must begin.
  • Revolve around suitable aiming of reserves, along with confining the center’s outwit in procuring radical possession of application such that constrains the needed company that big growth structures entail.