How To Prepare History For UPSC Prelims: Ancient, Medieval & Morden

UPSC Preliminary examination is the key and primary step fixed for the final dream of turning into an IAS officer.

The question paper of this early phase of civil services exam attributing objective kind.

It is regarded as the very important stage of IAS Exam. When the greater number of aspirants find this subject a little uninteresting subject, there are some for whom it has real meaning. and that’s why we turn up with some instructions and tricks that make it possible to complete the UPSC syllabus.

The history is separated into three parts. They are:

  1. Ancient India
  2. Medieval India
  3. Modern India

The three segments bring the considerable quantity of importance in both UPSC prelim and mains examination. Accompanied by these sections culture as well as its part. It has been accomplishing a portion of extent these days. The subject itself has an overabundance of truths and date.

  1. Ancient History 


  • The Ancient History begins with the original period to the mid of 8th Century AD. The candidates ought to be attentive towards the diverse periods like Stone Age, Palaeolithic Age, Mesolithic Age, Neolithic Age and Chalcolithic Age.
  • The subsequent part is the Indus Valley Civilization or the Harappan Civilization. The aspirants ought to be brought together on the method of the lifecycle of individuals throughout this period.
  • They must estimate it in Socio-Economic-Cultural features. In the concern of that applicants will be capable of knowing the Harappan sites and its meaning. They must show effort on Art, Crafts- seals. Script and language used during Indus valley civilization.
  • In the Vedic period, the applicants must have a rudimentary data about Society elements corresponding to family, marriage, and caste system etc. It is very indispensable to see the alterations between Early and Later Vedic Society and lifestyles tracked by people.
  • They must prioritize the religious, political and economic system in that period. The Vedic period is famed for its literature. Aspirants should know about the Vedas, Upanishads, Dharma Shastras, Puranas and Six systems of Philosophy.
  1. Basic reading for Medieval India 


The NCERT textbooks mentioned below are very helpful sources for the basic reading Medieval India. The story of civilization also gives some information about Medieval Indian History.

  • Class VII Medieval India (Old)
  • Class XI Medieval India (Old)
  • Class IX Story of Civilization Part-I (Old)
  • Class X Story of Civilization Part-II (Old)

Focus areas- Medieval India 


  • medieval India is encompassed Mughal, Vijayanagar Empire, Sultanate rulers this area is an extremely stimulating and full of many truths alike other periods.
  • Aspirants should give consideration to the Political, Social, Economic setup during their statute. Going with that individual must be detailed with the ripple of the empires.
  • The period has tracked the sacred activities like Sufi and Bhakti Movements. Thus, candidates ought to aim in this area with their significant saints, their policies, and influence on society.
  • As well as that, the individual must come together with art and culture area. The medieval Indian had observed the founding of numerous buildings and sculptures. As a consequence, they need to give more emphasis to this area exactly throughout the Mughal rule.
  1. Modern India 


  • Aspirants should have a knowledge of certain actions, the purpose, and costs of movements, characters behind the movement etc.
  • They must also put emphasis on the part of Literature and Press. One must make a note of the chronology of the principal Movements and Missions headed by the British to acquire the support of the Indians and enlarge their management.
  • History is encumbered with evidence and facts. Applicants would be familiar about the Governor Generals and viceroys, the renovation carried by them. Together with that contenders would also concentrate on the diverse Acts, requirements and their influence on Indian society.