How To Study International Relation For UPSC: Study material, Policy & Other Details

It is most important to attain a primary knack for some concepts associated with the syllabus.

It is suggested to bear in mind that it is not possible to cover International Relations in a week, it is an incessant course, aspirants must make it certain to flip through newspaper day after day, predominantly the articles that are interrelated to extraneous strategies and India’s Relations with other nations.

International affairs are one topic which has the unswerving connection with World Geography and World History. Aspirants who are opting for International Affairs must be equipped exactly to trace the place of any country on the world map.

The podium of contemporary international affairs remains in world history, and candidates are made aware to revise themes corresponding to Industrial Revolution, World Wars, Cold War and Uni-polar World. With this approach, a contender can entirely realize current affairs hitting off to international matters.

Study material for international relations for IAS exam: 


  • Pax Indica – Shashi Tharoor
  • Official Website of the Ministry of External Affairs
  • Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses (IDSA) Website
  • Newspaper editorials on relevant topics
  • Frontline magazine
  • Challenge and Strategy: Rethinking India’s Foreign Policy – Rajeev Sikri
  • India’s Foreign Policy: Coping with the Changing World – Muchkund Dubey

This is an inevitable portion of your IAS preparation for the reason that each year the UPSC comes up with questions that are based on 100 marks from this section. This article gives you guidelines and plans to prepare for these themes and likewise international relations notes for IAS exam.

This topic takes in more dynamic than static portions. It is central to keep up with the newest actions relating to India and its associations with other nations in the world, to prepare apposite notes for this topic.

Aimed at suitability when framing these topics, these are separated it into units.

India’s international relations grounded on location: 


  • India and neighbors (Pakistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Myanmar, Afghanistan, Sri Lanka, China, and Nepal)
  • India and various organizations (UN, G20, ASEAN, GCC, IMF, EU, World Bank etc.)
  • India and the different regions (The Americas, Africa, Middle East, Central Asia, Europe, etc.)
  • India and the rich nations (Australia, Japan, USA, etc.)
  • India and the 5 UNSC members (USA, France, China, Russia and the UK

 India’s foreign policy during the altered points:


  • Post-independence
  • Cold war
  • Non-alignment
  • Wartime with Pakistan and China
  • Fall of the USSR
  • Post 9/11
  • Current events

When you start reading the IR study material, you must begin by reading about:


  • The basic philosophy underlying international relations.
  • Evolution of the foreign policy of India.
  • Major changes in the world in the last few decades and how India has been affected by those changes.
  • Role of India in the major international organizations.

In bilateral relations, you must emphasize 


  • India – neighbors
  • India – USA
  • India – Russia
  • India – China

In every relationship, try to find the following: 


  • Historical relations
  • Economic relations
  • Contemporary issues
  • Areas of confrontation
  • Landmark agreements or movements
  • Way to the future
  • Unique opportunities or challenges
  • Indian diaspora

In the IR portions, you must be able to compose systematically. You must also be equal to forecast the prospect in a few matters. So, it is important that you go through newspapers and magazines concentrating on the subjects applying to an external strategy and affairs.