Important Supreme Court Judgements UPSC: All Required Details

Momentous legal judgments have reformed the Constitution along with the daily life of Indian. The influence of these decisions still creates reverberation. The Supreme Court judgments are very important in the examination. The decisions of Supreme Court are the responsibility of Polity.

There happen to be several cases in a year. Then, the decisions abided by Supreme Court shuddered the country. There is an association of these verdicts with Polity and so with the Commission.

The instances came about in 1980’s and even now, it has its bearing on Indian society. Being on accustomed terms with Supreme Court decisions will assist aspirants in the examination. Referring to the significant decision in the answer will bring extra marks in the Mains exam.

Case Important Supreme Court judgments
Golaknath and State of Punjab 1967 Supreme Court ruled that Parliament could not restrict any of the Fundamental Rights of individuals enshrined in the Constitution.
Keshavananda Bharti and State of Kerala 1973 Golaknath case were overruled and parliament recaptured the power of amending and by virtue of the amending power cannot change the basic structure of the constitution.
Minerva Mills and Union of India 1980 Fortified the idea of the basic structure which was put forward earlier in the Keshavananda Bharti Case.
Waman Rao and Union of India 1981 This case has facilitated in determining a satisfactory way of addressing grievances pertaining to the violation of fundamental rights.
Mohd Ahmed Khan and Shah Bano Begum 1985 This case challenged the Muslim petition law.
MC Mehta and Union Of India 1986 Enlarged the scope and sphere of Article 32 and Article 21 to incorporate the right to healthy and pollution-free environment.
Indra Sawhney and Union of India 1992 It defined the “creamy layer” criteria and uphold the execution of the recommendations made by the Mandal Commission
First Judges Case or S.P. Gupta case 1981 The ruling gave the Executive dominance over the Judiciary in judicial appointments for the next 12 years
Second Judges Case or Supreme Court Advocates on Record Association versus Union of India  1993 The majority verdict gave back Chief Justice of India’s power over judicial appointments and transfers.
Three judges case or Special Reference case of 1998 Chief Justice of India must check with a plurality of four senior-most Supreme Court judges to shape his opinion on judicial appointments and transfers.
SR Bommai and Union of India 1994 This has created major repercussion on Center-State relations
Vishaka and State of Rajasthan 1997 Introduction of Vishaka Guidelines and provided basic definitions of sexual harassment at the workplace
Samatha and State of Andhra Pradesh 1997 SC declared that the forest land, tribal land, and government land, in scheduled areas could not be leased to private companies or non-tribal for industrial operations. Such activity is only permissible to a government undertaking and tribal people.
I.R Coelho and State of Tamil Nadu 2007 If a law is included in the 9th schedule of the Indian constitution, it can still be examined and confronted in court.
Section 377 case 2009 The Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code, 1860 declared as unconstitutional. The same was reversed by the Supreme Court in 2013.
Pedophilia case 2011 SC declared that the Children are the endowment to humanity. The sexual abuse of children is one of the most monstrous transgressions.
NOTA- None-Of-The-Above Judgment 2013 An option of not voting for any candidate was given if they don’t find any of the apt candidates.
Lily Thomas and Union Of India 2013 SC ruled that any Member of the legislative assembly, Member of a legislative council or Member of Parliament who was found guilty of a crime and given a minimum of two-year imprisonment, would lose membership of the House with an immediate effect.
Nirbhaya case March 2014 Introduction of the Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 2013 and definition of rape under the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act, 2012, the Indian Evidence Act, 1872, Indian Penal Code, 1860 and Code of Criminal Procedures, 1973.
National Legal Services Authority and Union of India April 2014 This case resulted in the recognition of transgender persons as a third gender. SC also instructed the government to treat them as minorities and expand the reservations in education, jobs, education etc
Shreya Singhal and Union of India 2015 The controversial section 66A of the Information Technology Act which permitted arrests for unpleasant content posted on the internet was struck down as unconstitutional.
Aruna Shanbaug Case Along with guideline supreme court allowed passive euthanasia in the country.