Important Tribes Of India UPSC: All Required Details About Tribes Of India

A tribe refers to a communal dissection in an established culture that is made up of families interconnected by measures of public, fiscal, religious, or relations with a joint nation and language.

A tribe is endowed with several characteristics and abilities performing the function of distinctive ethnic, common, and radical thing.

This post is designed in the mater of main tribes in India. They are generally familiar by the name Adivasis in India.

Major Tribes in India: Arranged State-wise 


Andhra Pradesh:  Andh, Sadhu Andh, Bhagata, Bhil, Chenchus (Chenchawar), Gadabas, Gond, Goundu, Jatapus, Kammara, Kattunayakan, Kolawar, Kolam, Konda, Manna Dhora, Pardhan, Rona, Savaras, Dabba Yerukula, Nakkala, Dhulia, Thoti, Sugalis.

Arunachal Pradesh: Apatanis, Abor, Dafla, Galong, Momba, Sherdukpen, Singpho.

Assam: Chakma, Chutiya, Dimasa, Hajong, Garos, Khasis, Gangte.

Bihar: Asur, Baiga, Birhor, Birjia, Chero, Gond, Parhaiya, Santhals, Savar.

Chhattisgarh: Agariya, Bhaina, Bhattra, Biar, Khond, Mawasi, Nagasia.

Goa: Dhodia, Dubia, Naikda, Siddi,Varli.

Gujarat: Barda, Bamcha, Bhil, Charan, Dhodia, Gamta, Paradhi, Patelia.

Himachal Pradesh: Gaddis, Gujjars, Khas, Lamba, Lahaulas, Pangwala, Swangla.

Jammu and Kashmir: Bakarwal, Balti, Beda, Gaddi, Garra, Mon, Purigpa, Sippi.

Jharkhand:  Birhors, Bhumij, Gonds, Kharia, Mundas, Santhals, Savar.

Karnataka: Adiyan, Barda, Gond, Bhil, Iruliga, Koraga, Patelia, Yerava.

Kerala: Adiyan, Arandan, Eravallan, Kurumbas, Malai arayan, Moplahs, Uralis.

Madhya Pradesh: Baigas,  Bhils, Bharia, Birhors, Gonds,Katkari, kharia, Khond, Kol, Murias.

Maharashtra:  Bhaina, Bhunjia, Dhodia, Katkari, Khond, Rathawa, Warlis.

Manipur: Aimol, Angami, Chiru, Kuki, Maram, Monsang, Paite, Purum, Thadou.

Meghalaya: Chakma, Garos, Hajong, Jaintias Khasis, Lakher, Pawai, Raba.

Mizoram: Chakma, Dimasa, Khasi, Kuki, Lakher, Pawai, Raba, Synteng.

Nagaland:  Angami, Garo, Kachari, Kuki, Mikir, Nagas, Sema.

Odisha:  Gadaba, Ghara, Kharia, Khond, Matya, Oraons, Rajuar, Santhals.

Rajasthan: Bhils, Damaria, Dhanka, Meenas(Minas), Patelia, Sahariya.

Sikkim:  Bhutia, Khas, Lepchas.

Tamil Nadu: Adiyan, Aranadan, Eravallan, Irular, Kadar, Kanikar, Kotas, Todas.

Telangana: Chenchus.

Tripura: Bhil, Bhutia, Chaimal, Chakma, Halam, Khasia, Lushai, Mizel, Namte.

Uttarakhand: Bhotias, Buksa, Jannsari, Khas, Raji, Tharu.

Uttar Pradesh: Bhotia, Buksa, Jaunsari, Kol, Raji, Tharu.

West Bengal: Asur, Khond, Hajong, Ho, Parhaiya,  Rabha, Santhals, Savar.

Andaman and Nicobar:  Oraons, Onges, Sentinelese, Shompens.

Little Andaman: Jarawa.

North-East: Abhors, Chang, Galang, Mishimi, Singpho, Wancho.

Scheduled Tribes 


Article 366 (25) demarcated scheduled tribes as the tribes or a division of societies considering in Article 342 being Scheduled Tribes aiming at the functions of this constitution.

National Commission for Scheduled Tribes (NCST) 


The National Commission for Scheduled Tribes (NCST) was recognized changing Article 338 and introducing a new one called 338A in the Constitution owing to the Constitution (89th Amendment) Act, 2003. With this alteration, the former National Commission intended for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes was put back with two distinct Commissions which include National Commission for Scheduled Castes (NCSC), and the National Commission meant to Scheduled Tribes (NCST) on 19 February, 200

The Tribal Sub Plan (TSP) strategy 


This strategy is a plan of Government of India designed for a quick socio-economic growth for tribal folks. The capitals endowed under the Tribal Sub Plan of the State must be at any rate amount to the ST inhabitants of each State or UTs.