Indian Constitution For UPSC: All Required Details About The Indian Constitution

Those being IAS students need to deal with two papers. This is a crucial portion of Exam in General studies Paper I. It occupies a noteworthy part in the wholly viable examination. Just as the aspirant gain entry into management, the rank of the topic is put forward since it configures a vigorous portion of the supremacy.

The subject gives out the management, supremacy and the functioning of the government in the state. It also bestows a full command over directorial, authorized, allowed outlines and a mixture of the legal system in the nation. The Constitution is considered as the translation of Polity subject. Indian constitution has riveted diverse parts from diverse states into its area which presents an exclusive aspect.

Countries Borrowed features
Australia    Concurrent list
The language of the preamble
The provision regarding commerce, trade, and intercourse
Canada    Idea of federation with a strong centre
Distribution of powers between centre and the states
Residuary Powers with the centre
Ireland    Concept of Directive Principles of State Policy
Election of President
Nomination of members in the Rajya Sabha
Japan    Procedure Established by law
Russia( USSR)    Five year Plan Fundamental Duties
United Kingdom    Nominal Head – President
Designation of Prime Minister
Cabinet System of Ministers
Parliamentary type of government
Bicameral Parliament
Speaker in Lok Sabha
More powerful Lower House
Council of Ministers responsible to Lower House
United States    Preamble
Written Constitution
Fundamental Rights
Functions of the President and the Vice- President
Independence of Judiciary
Judicial review
Removal of Supreme court and High court Judges
Weimar Constitution ( Germany )    Suspension of Fundamental Rights during the emergency

Indian Constitution

  • Rajya Sabha turn up with rules about laws reckoned in state list in the national interest with the circulation of resolve reinforced by 2/3 of the members existing and elective
  • Only nationality for every single one (No twin right of abode relating to central and state government)
  • Common and Centralized Election command intended for state government and parliament
  • Simply parliament is in authority to alter constitution (States are involved just on the subject of central interest.
  • In this situation, Bill ought to be approved by governments of not under semi-states by regular mainstream including states special edge simply establishing novel law-making assembly
  • Common Comptroller and Auditor General of India for union and state government
  • Single, unified & hierarchical judiciary with same laws throughout the nation
  • Dominant regulation over states during crises
  • Constitution does not defend the regional truth of states that is Parliament singly will result in upsurge or modification of limits or name of states.
  • Shared foundation all over the country

Schedules of Indian Constitution 

Schedule Description
1 List of States & Union Territories
2 Salaries
3 Oaths and affirmations
4 Allocate seats for each state of India in Rajya Sabha
5 Administration and control of scheduled areas and tribes
6 Provisions for administration of Tribal Area in Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura, Mizoram
7 Gives allocation of powers and functions between Union & States.

§    Union List (For central Govt) 100 Subjects.

§    States List (Powers of State Govt) 61 subjects

§    Concurrent List (Both Union & States) 52 subjects

8 List of 22 languages of India recognized by Constitution
9 Reservation – Contains acts & orders related to land tenure, land tax, railways, industries.{Right of property not a fundamental right now}
10 Anti-Deflection law
11 By 73rd amendment; Contains provisions of Panchayati Raj
12 By 74th amendment; Contains provisions of Municipal Corporation.