Language Paper In UPSC Mains: Structure, Comprehension & Other Required Details

UPSC takes the undertaking to govern the Civil Service exam that is involving 2 compulsory language papers based on qualifying aspect. But then all year it has been made out that, about 10% of the candidates in mains miss the mark to get through the language paper in spite of considerate accomplishment in General studies and optional.

The most horrible involvement is the disappointment in language paper will make possible non- revelation of the grade in other papers. From now it is recommended not to be satisfied with language papers albeit their scores are not enhanced in the final total.

The compulsory language papers encompass 2 papers:

1) English Language (300 marks)

2) Any Indian Language (300 marks)

In accordance with UPSC announcement, the least qualifying marks for each paper is 25%. Acquiring the least cut off is not hard

Compulsory English Language Paper 


The paper aims to research with a contender’s skill to study and comprehend vital expressive style and to convey the thoughts obviously and in the approved manner. So take a look at the design of Compulsory English Paper.

The pattern of Question Marks
1.      Short Essay 100
2.      Reading Comprehension 75
3.      Precis Writing 75
4.      Usage and Vocabulary 50

 Short Essay: 


UPSC presents 4 general topics due to which an applicant is likely to make a choice of one and answer. The aim of this essay is to test if a contender can direct views, sentiments, and ideas in English at a straightforward level. The word constraint for this essay is 600 words.

Structure your essay into 3 parts: 


  • Introduction
  • Body
  • Conclusion

This way your essay gives the impression of a perfect essay. Make sure that you suggest on the arrange of the essay before you get going with writing.

Reading Comprehension: 


The key to scoring well in this section is to focus and read the passage thoroughly to grasp the gist of the passage, it’s essence, the theme and author’s opinion. It is advised to highlight some of the important points in the first reading itself. Then read the questions thoroughly and before answering read the passage again because the passage will contain direct cues to answer the questions. While writing the answer, express clearly and concisely.

Precis Writing: 


This becomes the hardest portion of the paper as writing down an essay of 1000 words in 1/3rd retaining importance is a big task in reality. In view of the task nearby the time demanded also escalates. Therefore, the test is to proficiently constrict the given passage in the required time.

Usage and Vocabulary: 


This section will cover many 1 markers. Questions series are–

  • Correcting a sentence
  • Supplying the missing words
  • Using the correct form of verbs
  • Writing Antonyms/Synonyms
  • Rewriting the sentence as directed
  • Making Sentences as directed
  • Fill in the Blanks
  • Making sentences using phrases

Compulsory Indian Language Paper 


Pattern of Question Marks
1.      Short Essay 100
2.      Reading Comprehension 60
3.      Precis Writing 60
4.      Translation (2) 40
5.      Usage and Vocabulary 40

The main purpose of conducting this test to assess the elementary ability of candidates that include reading, writing and comprehending skills as regards Indian languages are given under the 8th schedule of our constitution.

Indian Languages and Scripts permitted by UPSC for Civil Services Exam 


Aimed at the Language or literature of languages, the writings to be used by the applicants will be as follows:

LANGUAGE SCRIPT
1.      Assamese Assamese
2.      Bengali Bengali
3.      Gujarati Gujarati
4.      Hindi Devanagari
5.      Kannada Kannada
6.      Kashmiri Persian
7.      Konkani Devanagari
8.      Malayalam Malayalam
9.      Manipuri Bengali
10.  Marathi Devanagari
11.  Nepali Devanagari
12.  Odiya Odiya
13.  Punjabi Gurumukhi
14.  Sanskrit Devanagari
15.  Sindhi Devanagari or Arabic
16.  Tamil Tamil
17.  Telugu Telugu
18.  Urdu Persian
19.  Bodo Devanagari
20.  Dogri Devanagari
21.  Maithilli Devanagari
22.  Santhali Devanagari or Olchiki