# UPSC CDS Syllabus 2019: English, Arithmetic, Trigonometry, Statistics Etc.

Aspirants need to begin the exam preparation for approaching CDS exam 2019 therefore entitled applicants who are formulating the UPSC combined defence service exam (CDS) will need to CDS exam syllabus and CDS Paper pattern.

CDS Exam is held with the intention of entry in numerous courses such as Indian military academy (IMA), Indian naval academy (INA), Airforce Academy (AFA) & Officers Training Academy (OTA).

**UPSC CDS 2019 Syllabus **

**English Syllabus **

The question paper is intended to examine the understanding of English.

**Questions in English **

- Synonyms
- Antonyms
- Reading Comprehension
- Para Jumbles
- Error Spotting
- Jumbled Sentences
- Sentence Correction
- Fill in the Blanks

**General Knowledge Syllabus **

General Knowledge including knowledge of current events and of such matters of everyday observation and experience in scientific aspects as may be expected of an educated person who has not made a special study of any scientific subject. The paper also includes questions on History of India and Geography of nature.

**Elementary Mathematics Syllabus **

**Arithmetic **

- Number System – Natural numbers, Integers, Rational and Real numbers. Fundamental operations addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, Square roots, Decimal fractions.
- Unitary method – time and distance, time and work, percentages, applications to simple and compound interest, profit and loss, ratio and proportion, variation.
- Elementary Number Theory – Division algorithm. Prime and composite numbers. Tests of divisibility by 2, 3, 4, 5, 9 and 11. Multiples and factors. Factorisation Theorem. H.C.F. and L.C.M. Euclidean algorithm, Logarithms to base 10, laws of logarithms, use of logarithmic tables.

**Algebra **

Basic Operations, simple factors, Remainder Theorem, H.C.F., L.C.M. Theory of polynomials, solutions of quadratic equations, the relation between its roots and coefficients (Only real roots to be considered). Simultaneous linear equations in two unknowns-analytical and graphical solutions. Simultaneous linear equations in two variables and their solutions. Practical problems leading to two simultaneous linear equations or inequations in two variables or quadratic equations in one variable & their solutions. Set language and set notation, Rational expressions and conditional identities, Laws of indices.

**Trigonometry **

Sine x, cosine x, Tangent x when 0 < x < 90 degrees, Values of sin x, cos x and tan x, for x = 0, 30, 45, 60 and 90 degrees, Simple trigonometric identities, Use of trigonometric tables, simple cases of heights and distances.

**Geometry **

Lines and angles, Plane and plane figures, Theorems on (i) Properties of angles at a point (ii) Parallel lines, (iii) Sides and angles of a triangle, (iv) Congruency of triangles, (v) Similar triangles, (vi) Concurrence of medians and altitudes, (vii) Properties of angles, sides and diagonals of a parallelogram, rectangle and square (viii) Circles and its properties including tangents and normals, (ix) Loci.

**Mensuration **

Areas of squares, rectangles, parallelograms, triangle and circle. Areas of figures which can be split up into these figures (Field Book), Surface area and volume of cuboids, lateral surface and volume of right circular cones and cylinders, surface area and volume of spheres.

**Statistics **

Collection and tabulation of statistical data, Graphical representation frequency polygons, histograms, bar charts, pie charts, etc. Measures of central tendency.

**Intelligence and Personality Test **

Also, the applicants will be questioned regarding Intelligence Tests both verbal and non-verbal, considered to evaluate their rudimentary intelligence. All these tests are planned to analyse the intellectual calibre of a contender. In wide terms, this is actually a valuation of social qualities and benefits in current affairs.