UPSC Exam 2018: Exam Pattern, Syllabus , Eligibility Criteria & Prelims & Mains

UPSC Syllabus

In this article, you will get explained about UPSC syllabus and UPSC exam pattern. This post will cover subjects and schemes of the UPSC syllabus for the Civil Services Preliminary Examinations Syllabus and Civil Services Main Examinations Syllabus.

  • UPSC Syllabus for Preliminary Examinations.

Preliminary Examinations consist of two papers and both of them are compulsory and each comprises of 200 marks.
-These two papers are termed as General Studies Paper-I and General Studies Paper-II.
-Both the question papers will be of multiple choice questions (objective type).This paper will be in two sets English and Hindi.
-Duration of each paper will be of two hours. In exceptional cases of the blind, disability, and cerebral palsy, you will get 20 minutes extra per hour in each paper.
-In Preliminary Examinations of General Studies Paper-II, you have to qualify the exam with minimum qualifying marks fixed at 33%.

Infogarphic View of UPSC

>UPSC Syllabus for Preliminary Examination Paper I – (200 marks)

  • Current affairs and current events of international and national importance.
  • General science
  • General issues on Climate Change, Environmental Ecology and Biodiversity (It don’t require subject specialization )
  • Indian National Movement and History of India.
  • World and Indian Geography- It contains Rights Issues, Physical Geography of India and the world, Economic Geography of India and the world, Social Geography of India and the world.
  • Indian Polity and Governance – Constitution, Public Policy, Political System, Panchayati Raj, etc.
  • Social Development and Economic – It contains Social Sector initiatives, Sustainable Development, Inclusion, Demographics, and Poverty etc.

>UPSC Syllabus for Preliminary Examination Paper II – (200 marks).Duration two hours.

  • Problem-solving and Decision-making
  • General mental ability
  • Comprehension
  • Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. –Class X level), Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level). To download free NCERT Books from Class 5 to Class 12th Click here.
  • Analytical ability and Logical reasoning.
  • Interpersonal skills including communication skills

 

 UPSC Syllabus for Main Examinations

Your rank in UPSC CSE will only depend on Main Examinations and your Interview (Personality Test). Your UPSC CSE Main consists of 1750 marks and Interview (Personality Test) section consists of 275 marks.

Your UPSC syllabus for the main examination contains nine papers, but only seven papers are considered for final ranking. In the remaining two papers, you have to secure minimum marks which are declared by UPSC every year and

The main Exam of UPSC Civil Services is the totally written examination and it consists of following papers which are mentioned below.

 

  • Two papers which only qualifying papers and not counted for your final ranking.

Paper-A

(You have to select any one Indian Language from the Languages included in the Eighth Schedule to the Indian Constitution). Total Marks 300.

Note: – If you belong to Sikkim, Nagaland, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Manipur, and Arunachal Pradesh, these papers are not necessary for you.

Paper-B

English language. Total Marks 300.

UPSC syllabus and papers which are counted for final merits.

 

Paper Subject and Content Marks 
Paper-I Essay ( It Can be written in the medium or language of the candidate’s choice) 250
Paper-II  General Studies-I (Culture and Indian Heritage|History and Geography of the World and Society) 250
Paper- III General Studies –II (Constitution| Governance| Social Justice| Polity| and International relations) 250
Paper-IV General Studies –III (Economic Development| Technology| Environment| Biodiversity| Disaster Management and Security) 250
Paper-V General Studies –IV (Aptitude| Integrity| and Ethics) 250
Paper-VI Optional Subject – Paper 1 250
Paper-VII Optional Subject – Paper 2 250

 

Sub Total (Written test)   1750 Marks
Personality Test  275 Marks
Grand Total       2025 Marks

 Important Note regarding UPSC syllabus:-

 

  1. Your Paper A and Paper B which will be Indian languages and English paper respectively will be of matriculation level or equivalent standard to its level. Whatever marks you will obtain in this exam will not be counted for your ranking.
  2. Evaluation of the papers, namely, ‘Essay’, General Studies and Optional Subject of all the candidates would be done simultaneously along with evaluation of their qualifying papers on ‘Indian Languages’ and ‘English’ but the papers on ‘Essay’, General Studies and Optional Subject of only such candidates will be taken cognizance who attain 25% marks in ‘Indian Language and 25% marks in English as minimum qualifying standards in these qualifying papers.
  3. It is mandatory for you to appear in both the Papers of Civil Services (Prelim) Examination for the purpose of evaluation. You will be disqualified in case you did not appear in both the papers of Civil Services (Prelim) Examination.

    UPSC Syllabus for Interview test

  • Qualified candidates from UPSC Main examination will be only eligible for interview test or personality test.
  • You will be interviewed by Board members will have before them a record of your career. You will be asked questions on matters of general interest.
  • The objective of this interview is to assess your personal suitability for your further career in public service. This test will judge your mental caliber.
  • This interview test will reveal not only your intellectual qualities but also social traits and your interest in current affairs.
  • Some of your qualities will be judged like intellectual and moral integrity, mental alertness, ability for social cohesion and leadership, critical powers of assimilation, balance of judgment, clear and logical exposition, variety and depth of interest.
  • The technique of the interview is not that of a strict cross-examination but of a natural though directed and purposive conversation which is intended to reveal the mental qualities of the candidate.
  • Your interview test is not intended to be a test either of the specialized or general knowledge which has been already tested through their written papers. You are expected to have taken an intelligent interest not only in your special subjects of academic study but also in the events which are happening around you both within and outside your own state or country as well as in modern currents of thought and in new discoveries which should rouse the curiosity of well-educated youth.

 

UPSC Syllabus for optional subjects PAPER-VI & PAPER VII

Optional Subject Papers I & II (Candidates may choose any optional subject from given list) Click on the name of the subject and have a view of contains in the particular subject.

 

 

Download  UPSC syllabus pdf for Free

 

 

Some Deep Information about UPSC

UPSC ELIGIBILITY

UPSC

The abbreviation of UPSC is Union Public Service Commission which is an autonomous body who conduct various examinations for various posts of India.

 

This post will give information about various topics listed below:-

  1. How to apply for UPSC online
  2. Negative Markings for wrong answers in UPSC Exam
  3. UPSC contact number
  4. Use of Mobile phone in UPSC Exam
  5. UPSC Exam Eligibility  (Detailed Explanation Step by Step)
  6. UPSC qualification
  7. Number of UPSC attempts
  8. UPSC Exam Fees
  9. List of UPSC optional subjects in Main Examination
  10. UPSC civil services syllabus
  11. Centres for Civil Services examination of UPSC
  12. UPSC Exam Pattern

Here is the list of various examinations conducted by UPSC.

Approximate notification of examination of UPSC according to months of every year.

Serial Number Name Of Examination Approximate month of Notification
1 Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination ( May)
2 Civil Services (Main) Examination (Oct/Nov)
3 Indian Forest Service Examination (July)
4 Engineering Services Examination (June)
5 Geologist Examination (December)
6 Special Class Railway Apprentices Examination (July)
7 National Defence Academy & Naval Academy Examination (April & September)
8 Combined Defence Services Examination (February & August)
9 Combined Medical Services Examination (January)
10 Indian Economic Service (November)
11 Indian Statistical Service Examination (November)
12 Section Officers/Stenographers (Grade-B/Grade-I) (December)
13 Limited Departmental Competitive Examination (December)
14 Central Police Forces (Assistant Commandants) Examination (October)

In this post, you will know step by step guidance to apply civil services examination which is part of UPSC Exam.

List of Posts which can be taken after giving UPSC civil services examination

Serial Number Name of Post Name of Group
(i) Indian Administrative Service.
(ii) Indian Foreign Service.
(iii) Indian Police Service.
(iv) Indian P & T Accounts & Finance Service Group ‘A’.
(v) Indian Audit and Accounts Service Group ‘A’.
(vi) Indian Revenue Service (Customs and Central Excise) Group ‘A’.
(vii) Indian Defence Accounts Service Group ‘A’.
(viii) Indian Revenue Service (I.T.) Group ‘A’.
(ix) Indian Ordnance Factories Service (Assistant Works Manager and Administration) Group ‘A’
(x) Indian Postal Service Group ‘A’.
(xi) Indian Civil Accounts Service Group ‘A’.
(xii) Indian Railway Traffic Service Group ‘A’.
(xiii) Indian Railway Accounts Service Group 'A'.
(xiv) Indian Railway Personnel Service Group ‘A’.
(xv) Post of Assistant Security Commissioner in Railway Protection Force Group ‘A’
(xvi) Indian Defence Estates Service Group ‘A’.
(xvii) Indian Information Service (Junior Grade) Group ‘A’.
(xviii) Indian Trade Service Group 'A' (Gr. III).
(xix) Indian Corporate Law Service Group "A".
(xx) Armed Forces Headquarters Civil Service Group ‘B’ (Section Officer’s Grade).
(xxi) Delhi |Andaman & Nicobar Islands | Lakshadweep |Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli Civil Service Group 'B'.
(xxii) Delhi /Andaman & Nicobar Islands| Lakshadweep | Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli Police Service  Group 'B'.
(xxiii) Pondicherry Civil Service Group 'B'.
(xxiv) Pondicherry Police Service Group 'B'.

List of centres for Civil Services (preliminary) examination of UPSC

Allotment of Centres will be on the “first-apply-first allot”

AGARTALA GHAZIABAD GAUTAM BUDDH NAGAR
AGRA GORAKHPUR PANAJI (GOA)
AJMER GURGAON PATNA
AHMEDABAD GWALIOR PORT BLAIR
AIZAWL HYDERABAD PUDUCHERRY
ALIGARH IMPHAL PUNE
ALLAHABAD INDORE RAIPUR
ANANTHAPURU ITANAGAR RAJKOT
AURANGABAD JABALPUR RANCHI
BENGALURU JAIPUR SAMBALPUR
BAREILLY JAMMU SHILLONG
BHOPAL JODHPUR SHIMLA
BILASPUR JORHAT SILIGURI
CHANDIGARH KOCHI SRINAGAR
CHENNAI KOHIMA THANE
COIMBATORE KOLKATA THIRUVANANTHAPURAM
CUTTACK KOZHIKODE (CALICUT) TIRUCHIRAPALLI
DEHRADUN LUCKNOW TIRUPATI
DELHI LUDHIANA UDAIPUR
DHARWAR MADURAI VARANASI
DISPUR MUMBAI VELLORE
FARIDABAD MYSURU VIJAYAWADA
GANGTOK NAGPUR VISHAKHAPATNAM
GAYA NAVI MUMBAI

List of centres for Civil Services (Main) examination of UPSC

AHMEDABAD DEHRADUN LUCKNOW
AIZAWL DELHI MUMBAI
ALLAHABAD DISPUR (GUWAHATI) PATNA
BANGALURU HYDERABAD RAIPUR
BHOPAL JAIPUR RANCHI
CHANDIGARH JAMMU SHILLONG
CHENNAI KOLKATA SHIMLA
CUTTAK


How to apply for UPSC online

  1. You are requested to apply online for UPSC CIVIL SERVICES EXAMINATION through their official UPSC Online portal using the URL http://www.upsconline.nic.in . Step by step guidance to fill “Online Application Form” of UPSC CSE is given in this post and also you can find it on the above link.
  2. You are requested to apply only through online mode only no other mode LIKE Off-Line is allowed for submission of applications.

Negative Markings for wrong answers in UPSC Exam

  • The negative marking system is implemented in UPSC Exam in which, if you do any wrong answer in “Objective Type Question Papers” than marks will be deducted from your right answer.
  • For each question for which a wrong answer has been given by you, one-third (0.33) of the marks assigned to that question will be deducted as a penalty from your right answer.
  • If you will give two answers of a single question and one out of them will be right, it will be treated as wrong answer and penalty will be imposed on your answer as negative marking will be implemented.
  • If you have not given any answer of the question, It will be not marked under penalty.

UPSC contact number, Helpdesk for UPSC aspirants for guidance of candidates

If you need any help from UPSC while filling your online application form or any clarification regarding your applications, candidature /information/guidance you can directly contact your UPSC’s Facilitation Counter near gate ‘C’ of its campus. You can also directly call UPSC over Telephone No. on working days between 10 AM to 5PM.

  • 011-23381125
  • 011-23385271
  • 011-23098543


Use of Mobile phone in UPSC Exam

  1. You cannot use mobile phones, pagers or any other electronic device which can be used for communication is not allowed to use. If someone is found by violating the instruction of not using gadgets will be not allowed to give UPSC Exam and you will be banned from future examinations.
  2. You are advised not to bring any electronic gadget, any valuable articles as nothing will be allowed to take inside the UPSC Exam hall.

UPSC Exam Eligibility

 

Nationality

  • To apply for the post of the Indian Police Service and the Indian Administrative Service, You must be the citizen of India.
  • For other UPSC Services which are given above in the list , You must be anyone from below points :
  1. Citizen of India
  2. A subject of Bhutan
  3. A subject of Nepal
  4. Refugee of Tibet who came in India before 1st Jan 1962 to permanently settle in India.
  5. You must be person of Indian origin who migrated from Sri Lanka, Burma, and Pakistan, East African countries of Kenya, Zambia, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, United Republic of Tanzania, Ethiopia, Vietnam, Malawi and Zaire to permanently settle in India.
  • If you are belonging to above categories in point 1,2,3,4 and 5 , shall be a person in whose favour a certificate of eligibility has been issued by the Government of India.
  • If you are belonging to above categories in point 1,2,3,4 and 5, then you are also not eligible for appointment to the Indian Foreign Service.

Age limit of UPSC

  • You must be 21 years old and must not have attained the age 32 years on the 1st Aug of the present year.
  • Upper age limit is relaxable for reserved category.

#For Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe.

  Five (5) years of extension in age limit for you if you belong to ST or SC Category.

#For Other Backward Classes

Three (3) years of extension in age limit for you if you belong to OBC category.

# For Jammu and Kashmir

Five (5) years of extension in age limit for you if ordinarily been domiciled in the State of Jammu & Kashmir during the period from the 1st January 1980 to the 31st December 1989.

#For Defence and Military

  • Three (3) years > Five (5) Years of extension in age limit for you if Defence Services personnel disabled in operations during hostilities with any foreign country or any disturbed area.
  • Five (5) years of extension in age limit for you if you are ex-servicemen, ECOs/SSCOs and Commissioned Officers who have served Military Service at least for five years till the present year.

#Handicapped

  • Ten (10) years of extension in age limit for you if you are deaf-mute, blind and orthopedically handicapped persons.

Proof to show Date of Birth in UPSC Exam

UPSC will accept the date of birth which would be entered in the Matriculation or Secondary School Leaving Certificate or in a certificate recognized by an Indian University as equivalent to Matriculation or in an extract from a Register of Matriculates maintained by a University or an equivalent examination certificate.

You have to submit proof of birth at the time of applying CSE Main.

Document which will not be accepted by UPSC for birth Proof

  1. Affidavits
  2. Horoscopes
  3. Birth extracts from Municipal Corporation etc.

Note- Once you have entered your date of birth while filling UPSC Online application and it would enter in the record of UPSC, no change will be allowed subsequently (or at any other examination of the Commission) on any grounds whatsoever.


UPSC Qualification

  • You must have done graduation in any field from any state or central University or any Private University which is recognized by UGC act 1956.
  • Any deemed as a University under sec-3 UGC Act, 1956.
  • If you have appeared in the last year of graduation, then also you can apply for UPSC Preliminary Examination and, If you get qualified in Preliminary Examination, You have to submit your passing mark sheet  to UPSC before CSE Main in October/November of the present year.
  • If you have the professional and technical qualification which are recognized by the Central / State Government as equivalent to the professional and technical degree would also be eligible for UPSC Exam.
  • If you are M.B.B.S or any Medical profession you can submit your degree at the time of Interview.

Number of UPSC attempts

  • If you belong to Open/General category, you have six attempts for the UPSC Exam.
  • No restriction is applicable for you if you belong to SC or ST Category.
  • Nine (9) attempts are allowed to you if you belong to OBC Category.
  • If you are physically handicapped and you belong to General/Open category then you will get 9 attempts in UPSC.
  • Your attempt at a Preliminary Examination will be counted as an attempt in Civil Services Examination.
  • Your appearance in the Examination, Your disqualification/ or cancellation of candidature will be counted in a number of attempts.

UPSC Exam Fees

  • UPSC Exam Fees is free for you if you belong to Scheduled Caste (SC) or Scheduled Tribe (ST).
  • UPSC Exam Fees is free for you if you are Female or Physically Handicapped (PH) candidate.
  • If you do not belong to any of above category then you have to pay the sum of Rs. 100 as a UPSC Exam Fees.

                 Payment mode of UPSC Exam Fees

>You can either pay it by cash in any branch of SBI.

> You can also pay it by using internet banking or by using Visa/Master Credit/Debit Card.

> Once you pay your fees, It will not be refunded in any case.

> If you are qualified for UPSC CSE Main than you have to pay the fee of Rs. 200/- (Rupees Two hundred only) as an examination fee.

Note :

If you are already in Government Service, whether in a permanent or temporary capacity or as work-charged employees other than casual or daily rated employees or those serving under the Public Enterprises, You have to submit in writing to your head that have applied for the Examination.

In case if you did not inform your head about your application to commission than application will be liable to be rejected/candidature will be liable to be cancelled.

UPSC Exam Pattern

The UPSC competitive examination held into two successive stages:

  1. Civil Services (Preliminary Examinations) (Objective Type) i.e. (Multiple choice questions). Once you will clear your Preliminary Examinations you will be eligible Main Examination.
  2. Civil Services (Main Examination) will be in the form of (Written and Interview). Once you will clear the Main Examination of UPSC CSE, You will be welcomed for various services and posts of UPSC which is mentioned above.
  3. Civil Services (Preliminary Examinations) consist of two papers of (Multiple choice questions). Prelims are the test which meant to serve as a screening test only.
  4. You are only allowed to appear for Civil Services (Main Examination), If you have cleared Civil Services (Preliminary Examinations).
  5. You are only eligible for Civil Services (Main Examination), Only if you have obtained minimum qualifying marks of 33%, in General, Studies Paper- II of Civil Services (Preliminary Examinations) and total qualifying marks of General Studies Paper-I Civil Services (Preliminary Examinations) as may be determined by the UPSC.
  6. UPSC Civil Services (Main Examination) is the combination of written examination and an interview test. The written exam contains 9 papers of conventional essay type.
  7. Marks obtained for all the compulsory papers (Paper-I to Paper-VlI) and Marks obtained in Interview for Personality Test will be counted for ranking based system.

NOTE:-The number of candidates to be admitted to the Main Examination will be about twelve to thirteen times the total approximate number of vacancies to be filled in the year through this examination.

 

UPSC Recruitment 2017-2018 Vacancies

 

UPSC Exam Notification 2017-2018 List: [Last updated on 3rd jan  2017]
Advertisement No Exam / Post Name Total Vacancies Last Date for Apply Complete Details
17020301511) - National Centre of Organic Farming - 03.03.2017 Click Here
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Small Information About UPSC (CSAT that is IAS, IPS, IFS) Exams.

UPSC and Civil Services – A complete Guide for Everyone

It is common knowledge that governing the state of affairs in a country of India’s size has been an uphill task since the very beginning. The vast Government machinery has always been dependent on the prudence and skill of the civil servants who have been using all their administrative ingenuity to carry out the task of educating the masses about their Constitutional guarantees and entitlements.

They have succeeded in projecting themselves as the representative of the Government both at the Central and State levels, by virtue of which they have commanded a great degree of respect and prestige in the society. Though Civil Services have lost some of the sheen due to fast-changing times where market determines the position and power of an individual, the craze for Civil Services persists due to several factors. Civil Services still enjoy the status of most preferred career options among the young and aspiring youth.

They lead them to a world where security is assured with impressive power and perks. They provide the individual with vast scope of growth in a position where he can bring about a sea of change in the lives of millions of his countrymen by simply taking care of his duties as a civil servant.

Everybody knows the fact that the Civil Services are more or less the same as they had been during the British era. In the past, civil servants were thought to have immense administrative powers as their duties were mainly to maintain law and order, dispensation of timely justice in accordance with the British system and collection of taxes. The only change that is noticeable is the carrying out of duties within the framework a democratic set-up that is related to the welfare of people and focussed on the development and progress in an all- inclusive manner.

Till India got independence from the British rule in 1947, the British had been using the Indian Civil Services as a bulwark against all sorts of aberrations—corruption, crimes, uprisings, non-obedience of law and order, etc., that were detrimental to the structure imposed on the Indian society. The civil servants were the servants of the British crown, but virtual rulers of the Indian masses. The very term, ICS (as a member of the elite group was called), was a symbol of prestige and power. Those belonging to this privileged category were treated as next to the British crown itself. Whatever policies and decisions had to be implemented, those had to be done through this awe-inspiring, highly respected group of individuals.

The ICS was called “the steel frame” of the British Raj by the 36th Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, David Lloyd George. It is over sixty-eight years since India got Independence, but the elitist character of the Indian Civil Services still continues. Though the Indian civil servants are no longer called ICS, the nature of their job, and power and prestige enjoyed by them still continue. They evoke the same sense of awe and admiration that their British counterparts used to do before 1947.

Their role is not that of servants and their advice is sought whenever the implementation of any Government policy is needed. In the eyes of the vast Indian population, they are real power behind the facade of democratic set-up represented by people’s representatives. They represent the actual mechanism which is responsible for running the country. Though they have to work under the people’s elected representatives, this subordinate role does not diminish the immense power and prestige enjoyed by them.

As we have discussed earlier, the immense prestige that a civil servant has got in the society has always been enviable and a thing to dream of. That is why millions of ambitious youth have got a fascination with the Civil Services. They think that their entry into the system of administration will put an end to all their confusion and craving for an undeterred career progression will be satisfied in the best manner.

They try to prepare themselves for the toughest and most prestigious Civil Services Examination, after cracking which successfully they can think of getting into this enviable system of administration. This examination consists of three stages : a Preliminary Examination, a Main Examination, and an Interview.

The CSE is thought to be an extremely challenging examination. Hitherto, the Preliminary Examination had consisted of two papers. There used to be 25 optional subjects to choose from with a General Studies paper. Now, there is no optional subject in the Preliminary Examination. Instead, there is a second paper which is common for all candidates. It tests the administrative aptitude of candidates, hence it is referred to as the Civil Services Aptitude Test (CSAT) by all.

Though entry into the Civil Services is considered very difficult, yet the prospects one gets after cracking it are too attractive to be left unattempted. In other words, the Civil Services Examination opens the door of lucrative careers for the youth.

The Civil Services Examination conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) selects candidates for various Central services, including for the most coveted cadres of

Indian Administrative Service (IAS)
Indian Police Service (IPS)
and Indian Foreign Service (IFS).

IAS and IPS are All-India Services created under Article 312 of the Constitution. The creation of such services provides safeguards for national unity and ensures uniformity of the administrative system throughout the country to maintain the minimum common administrative standards. Candidates selected for these two services are appointed to different State cadres and as and when required, they also move to Central Government jobs on deputation.

The remaining services are categorised in two Central Services, Group A, and Group B. The avenues it offers are as follows :

(1) Indian Administrative Service (IAS)
(2) Indian Police Service (IPS)
(3) Indian Foreign Service (IFS)
(4) Indian Railway Service
(5) Indian Postal Service
(6) Indian Customs and Central Excise Service (IC&CES)
(7) Indian Audit & Accounts Service
(8) Indian Information Service (IIS)
(9) Indian Revenue Service (IRS)

ELIGIBILITY

(i) Nationality
(1) For the Indian Administrative Service and the Indian Police Service, a candidate must be a citizen of India.
(2) For other services, a candidate must be either :—
(a) citizen of India, or
(b) a subject of Nepal, or
(c) a subject of Bhutan, or
(d) a Tibetan refugee who came over to India before 1st January, 1962 with the intention of permanently settling in India, or
(e) a person of Indian origin who has migrated from Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka, East African countries of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire, Ethiopia and Vietnam with the intention of permanently settling in India.

Provided that a candidate belonging to categories (b), (c), (d) and (e) shall be a person in whose favour a certificate of eligibility has been issued by the Government of India.
Provided further that candidates belonging to categories (b), (c) and (d) above will not be eligible for appointment to the Indian Foreign Service.

A candidate in whose case a certificate of eligibility is necessary, maybe admitted to the examination but the offer of appointment may be given only after the necessary eligibility certificate has been issued to him/her by the Government of India.
(ii) Age Limits:
A candidate must have attained the age of 21 years and must not have attained the age of 32 years.
(iii) Minimum Educational Qualifications:
The candidate must hold a degree of any of Universities incorporated by an Act of the Central or State Legislature in India or other educational institutions established by an Act of Parliament or declared to be deemed as a University Under Section-3 of the University Grants Commission Act, 1956, or possess an equivalent qualification.
(iv) Number of Attempts:
(a) Every candidate appearing at the examination who is otherwise eligible, shall be permitted six attempts at the examination.
Provided that this restriction on the number of attempts will not apply in the case of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes candidates who are otherwise eligible.
Provided further that the number of attempts permissible to candidates belonging to Other Backward Classes, who are otherwise eligible shall be nine. The relaxation will be available to the candidates who are eligible to avail of reservation applicable to such candidiases.
Provided further that a physically handicapped candidate will get as many attempts as are available to other non-physically handicapped candidates of his or her community, subject to the condition that a physically handicapped candidate belonging to the General Category shall be eligible for nine attempts. Necessary action to make Corresponding Changes in respective Rules/Regulations Pertaining to various services is being taken separately. The relaxation will be available to the physically handicapped candidates who are eligible to avail of reservation applicable to such candidates.

Indian Administrative Service (IAS) Click here to know it Deeply 

INDIAN POLICE SERVICE (IPS)

The Indian Police Service is directly responsible for maintaining law and order in the state of India. It has the responsibility to look after the safety of the citizens of the country. The Indian PoEce Service has various branches and associated departments Eke the Border Security Force, the Department of Home Guards, the Central Bureau of Investigation, the department of Traffic Control, the Criminal Investigation Department, the Central Reserve Police Force, the Crime Branch, etc. An IPS officer often shares his duty with the IAS officer of the same district.
Next to the IAS, the Indian Police Service (IPS) replaced the Imperial Police, a year after Independence. The IPS is not a law enforcement agency in its own right, rather it is the body to which aE senior poEce officers belong regardless of the agency for which they work. The IPS is not a force in itself,but a service, providing leaders and commanders to staff the State-police and all-India Para-Military Forces. With the passage of time, the Indian Police Service’s objectives have been updated and redefined to suit the exigencies of the times.

The roles and functions of an IPS officer are as follows :

Fulfilling duties based on broader responsibilities, in the areas of maintenance of public peace and order, crime prevention, investigation, and detection, collection of intelligence, VIP security, counter-terrorism, border policing, railway policing, tackling smuggling, drug trafficking, economic offences, corruption in public life, disaster management, enforcement of socio-economic legislation, bio-diversity and protection of environmental laws, etc.
Leading and commanding the Indian intelligence agencies like Research and Analysis Wing (RAW), Intelligence Bureau (IB), Central Bureau of Investigations (CBI), Crime Investigation Department (CID), etc., Indian Federal Law Enforcement Agencies, Civil and Armed Police Forces in all the States and Union Territories.
Leading and commanding the Para-Military Forces of India (PMF) which include the Central Police Organisations (CPO) and Central Paramilitary Forces (CPF) such as Border Security Force (BSF), Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP), National Security Guard (NSG), Central Industrial Security’ Force (CISF), Vigilance Organisations, Indian Federal Law Enforcement Agencies.

Serving at the head of the departments in policy-making in the Ministries and Departments of Central and State Governments and public sector undertakings both at the Centre and States, Government of India.
To interact and coordinate closely with the members of other All India Services and Central Civil Services and also with the Indian Armed Forces primarily with the elite Indian Army.
To lead and command the force with courage, uprightness, dedication and a strong sense of service to the people.
Endeavouring to inculcate in the police forces under their command such values and norms as would help them serve the people better.

The inculcating integrity of the highest order, sensitivity to aspirations of people in a fast-changing social and economic milieu, respect for human rights, broad liberal perspective of law and justice and high standard of professionalism.
Mr. Prakash Singh, a former Director General of Police of the States of Assam and subsequently, Uttar Pradesh and finally, Director-General of the Border Security Force, initiated a Public Interest Litigation (PIL) in the Supreme Court of India, asking the Court to investigate measures to reform the police forces across India to ensure the proper rule of law and improve security across India. Following it, several measures were identified as necessary to professionalise the police in India :
A mid or high-ranking police officer must not be transferred more frequently than every two years.
The State Governments cannot ask the police force to hire someone, nor can they choose the Chief Commissioner.
There must be separate departments and staff for investigation and patrol.
Three new authorities to be created in each State, to prevent political interference in the police and also to make the police accountable for their heavy-handedness, which was to include the creation of :
1. A State Security Commission for policies and direction.
2. A Police Establishment Board, which would decide the selection, promotions and transfers of police officers and other staff.
3. A Police Complaints Authority to inquire into allegations of police misconduct.
In 2006, due to lack of action by all the State Governments in India, the Supreme Court ordered the State Governments to report to it why the reform measures outlined were not implemented. After being questioned in front of the Judges of the Supreme Court of India, the State Governments finally started to reform the police forces and give them the operational independence they need for fearless and proper law enforcement.
After being selected for the IPS, candidates are allocated to their cadres just like the IAS. There is one cadre in each Indian State, except for three joint cadres: Assam-Meghalaya, Manipur-Tripura, and Arunachal Pradesh-Goa-Mizoram-Union Territories (AGMUT). As per the Indian Constitution, two-thirds of the strength of every cadre is filled by direct IPS officers and rest one-third is elevated from respective State cadre officers. Each State or Union Territory of India has a State police force, headed by the Commissioner of Police (State) or Director-General of Police (DGP).
It is controlled by the Chief Minister and Home Minister of the State/Union Territory. The State police are responsible for maintaining law and order in townships of the State and the rural areas. States such as Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra have taken steps to get their police force trained by advanced police training schools notably the Atlanta City Police of the USA. The Tamil Nadu State Police is at the forefront of advancement with the Tamil Nadu Police Academy, which now seeks university status. The advanced training that the Tamil Nadu Police undergo varies from fraud investigation to advanced patrol training.
This training, when completed, would make the Tamil Nadu Police one of the most advanced police forces in India. City Police Services, on the other hand, are known for their one- lesson-fit-all attitude. The Indian Police Forces have been trying to secure better training and capabilities for their personnel, but with indifferent success due to a cumbersome bureaucracy.

Indian Foreign Service (IFS)

The Indian Foreign Service is associated with the country’s External Affairs Ministry. The officials are responsible for the framing of foreign policies as well as maintaining and regulating the Indian embassies in various countries of the world. The third most important of Civil Services, the Indian Foreign Service (IFS), is the body of career diplomats of India. The Foreign Secretary of India is the administrative head of the IFS. The first group of the IFS officers was recruited in 1948. Only a top position among the top candidates guarantees an IFS selection—an acceptance rate of 0.01 percent. Career and rank structure of the IFS officers are as follows :
At an embassy: Third Secretary (entry level), Second Secretary (promotion upon being confirmed in service), First Secretary, Counsellor, Minister, Deputy Chief of Mission/Deputy High Commissioner/Deputy Permanent Representative, Ambassador/ High Commissioner/Permanent Representative.
At a consulate : Vice Consul, Consul, Consul General.
At the Ministry of External Affairs : Under Secretary, Deputy Secretary, Director,Joint Secretary, Additional Secretary, Secretary.
Apart from these three preferred services, the other avenues for civil servants are the following :

Indian Railway Service

The Indian Railway Service is in charge of the huge network of railways in India which itself is divided into the Indian Railway Traffic Services, the Indian Railway Personnel Services, the Indian Railway Accounts Services and the Railway Police Service. The Railway Police Service is responsible for maintaining the security of the whole system and especially the passengers. The Indian Railway Traffic Service deals with the scheduling of trains and the passengers and the freight carried by these trains. The Indian Railway Personnel Service is the branch which deals with the recruitment of the officers and other administrative workers and the Indian Railway Accounts Services is in charge of looking after the accounts of this vast system. These are the

The Indian Railway Traffic Service deals with the scheduling of trains and the passengers and the freight carried by these trains. The Indian Railway Personnel Service is the branch which deals with the recruitment of the officers and other administrative workers and the Indian Railway Accounts Services is in charge of looking after the accounts of this vast system.

The Indian Railway Traffic Service deals with the scheduling of trains and the passengers and the freight carried by these trains. The Indian Railway Personnel Service is the branch which deals with the recruitment of the officers and other administrative workers and the Indian Railway Accounts Services is in charge of looking after the accounts of this vast system. These are the

The Indian Railway Personnel Service is the branch which deals with the recruitment of the officers and other administrative workers and the Indian Railway Accounts Services is in charge of looking after the accounts of this vast system. These are the nontechnical branches of the Indian Railways. For the recruitment of technical staff (like the engineers), there is a different entrance test altogether.

The Indian Railway Personnel Service is the branch which deals with the recruitment of the officers and other administrative workers and the Indian Railway Accounts Services is in charge of looking after the accounts of this vast system. These are the nontechnical branches of the Indian Railways. For the recruitment of technical staff (like the engineers), there is a different entrance test altogether.

These are the nontechnical branches of the Indian Railways. For the recruitment of technical staff (like the engineers), there is a different entrance test altogether.

The Indian Railway Traffic Service deals with the scheduling of trains and the passengers and the freight carried by these trains. The Indian Railway Personnel Service is the branch which deals with the recruitment of the officers and other administrative workers and the Indian Railway Accounts Services is in charge of looking after the accounts of this vast system. These are the nontechnical branches of the Indian Railways. For the recruitment of technical staff (like the engineers), there is a different entrance test altogether.

It is essentially responsible for the running of India’s vast railway network. There are four non-technical and technical or engineering cadres in the Railways. Entry for non-technical services—the Indian Railway Traffic Services (IRTS)—responsible for freight, passengers and movement of trains, the Indian Railway Personnel Services (TRPS)—responsible for recruitment and administration of staff, the Indian Railway Accounts Services (IRAS)—responsible for maintenance of accounts, and the Railway Police Service (RPS)—responsible for providing security to railway properties such as railway tracks, personnel, equipment, etc., is through the Civil Services Examination. However, the engineering services (IRSE) have a different recruitment procedure.

INDIAN POSTAL SERVICE

The Staff of the Indian Postal Service looks after the workings of the country’s postal network which includes the telegraph service. Officers start out as Senior Superintendent of Post Offices initially. The postings can be in any part of the country and also in the Central Ministry.
It is responsible for the efficient functioning of the postal and telegraph services, officers after training with field officers are appointed as Senior Superintendent of Post Offices, Assistant Post Master General throughout the country and also in the Ministry at the Centre.

INDIAN CUSTOMS AND CENTRAL EXCISE SERVICE (IC&CES)

As the very name suggests, this deals with the customs and excise departments. The former deals with the levying of taxes on things brought into the country whereas the Department of Excise Duties deals with the taxation of goods which are produced in the country.
It is basically concerned with two main aspects, mainly Customs and Excise. While Customs is concerned with the checking and levy’ of duty on taxable goods brought into the country, the Excise Department is involved with the taxation of goods manufactured within the country.

It is basically concerned with two main aspects, mainly Customs and Excise. While Customs is concerned with the checking and levy’ of duty on taxable goods brought into the country, the Excise Department is involved with the taxation of goods manufactured within the country.

INDIAN AUDIT & ACCOUNTS SERVICE

This service maintains the accounts of all the States of India. It has various specialised branches such as the Indian Defence Accounts Service which deals with the expenditure of the Indian Defence Services. There is also an Indian Civil Accounts Service which falls under the direct administration of the Secretary of the Ministry of Finance.
Indian Audit & Accounts Service comes under the Comptroller and Auditor-General of India (CAG) which is responsible for the maintenance and audit of accounts in the States, as well as the Union and State Governments. These officers work in the audit offices under CAG and in Central Ministries and State Governments. Indian Defence Accounts Service (IDAS) is responsible for maintaining and auditing of accounts of the Defence Services. Indian Civil Accounts Service (ICAS), under the control of Secretary (Expenditure), Ministry of Finance, maintains accounts of the State, Central Governments, and public sector enterprises.

These officers work in the audit offices under CAG and in Central Ministries and State Governments. Indian Defence Accounts Service (IDAS) is responsible for maintaining and auditing of accounts of the Defence Services. Indian Civil Accounts Service (ICAS), under the control of Secretary (Expenditure), Ministry of Finance, maintains accounts of the State, Central Governments, and public sector enterprises.

INDIAN INFORMATION SERVICE (IIS)

The Indian Information Service deals with the transmissions of Government media apparatuses like Doordarshan and Prasar
ii.
Bharati. It falls under the purview of the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting.
IIS, under the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, is responsible for running Government-owned broadcasting and advertising agencies like All India Radio, Doordarshan, and DAVP. The Service is also responsible for handling the press and public relations for the various Central Ministries, public sector enterprises and Defence Forces at home as well as abroad.

INDIAN REVENUE SERVICE (IRS)

The officers of the Indian Revenue Service aid in the assessment and fixing of the rates of income tax and are also responsible for collecting the same. There are branches within it dealing with tax crimes such as evasion of income tax and also those which build up statistics.
After their probationary period and the period of training, all officers are in charge of the most junior posts. With time and experience, one is promoted to higher positions. This is because the Indian Civil Service operates in a hierarchical fashion where experience is the key to advancement.
IRS is responsible for fixing, assessment and collection of income tax. The Service also has specialised branches dealing with the investigation of tax evasion, statistics and so on.
Though many people are of the view that civil servants, also known as babus, are the absolute rulers of the country, some regard them as the people serving to promote the unity and integrity of the nation. Some people think that an elite class comprising civil servants cannot transcend cleavages and differences. Elitism, to their mind, is different from neutralism or fair play. They think that partisanship of high-level civil servants goes against their mission of national integration. In fact, the Indian masses have been expecting too much from the bureaucracy, because it has been elitist. Some upright and conscientious IAS officers have protested the common notion that all the civil servants nurture the opportunistic motives of career development. Whatever . charges might have been levelled against the Civil Services, nobody can deny the fact that the Civil Services Examination opens impressive avenues for the studious and knowledgeable youth. The craze for Civil Services can be gauged from the f%ct that highly accomplished and professionally trained youth also try to get into the Civil Services to avail themselves of power and prestige involved with them.
Civil service, the backbone of the Indian Government machinery constitutes all the departments which run the State administration. A highly competitive and challenging area, it involves a variety of jobs in different departments. Compared to private sector jobs this profession has job security. The prestige and power that comes along with these top-notch jobs are a definite reason for anybody to join this profession. The salary, allowances, and facilities like health care, housing, conveyance, etc. also make it a lucrative profession.
There is hardly any Indian who is apprehensive of the powerful position of Civil Service officers in running the affairs of the country. They are so important that their political masters are not in a position to overlook their wishes whenever the policy matters are discussed and decision¬making is needed. They also need the full participation of civil servants if they want to get their important policies to be implemented in most effective manner. The Government machinery comes to a standstill if the Civil Services officers do not cooperate.

 

Small Introduction of Preparation of UPSC by Unacadmy

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