UPSC Preparation 2019: Tips, Strategy & Guide

The initial step towards Civil Services is to bring the pattern into the light examination.

The Civil Services Exam is held by Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) every year.

It is conducted in 3 stages: Prelims, Mains and Interview.

It is equally important to attempt each phase of the exams.

Step 2: Know the Exam Syllabus 

Paper I Syllabus (General Studies) 

  1. Current Affairs: Events of national and international importance
  2. History of India and Indian National Movement
  3. Indian and World Geography-Physical, Social, Economic geography of India and the World.
  4. Indian Polity and Governance – Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.
  5. Economic and Social Development – Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives, etc.
  6. General issues on Environmental Ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change (no subject specialization required)
  7. General Science

Paper II Syllabus 

  1. Comprehension
  2. Interpersonal skills including communication skills
  3. Logical reasoning and analytical ability
  4. Decision making and problem-solving
  5. General mental ability
  6. Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude etc.) (Class X level), Data Interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. – Class X level)
  7. English Language Comprehension skills (Class X level).
  8. Questions relating to English Language Comprehension skills of Class X level. (will be tested through passages from English language only without providing Hindi translation)

Preparation of General Studies 

IAS Exam General Studies encompasses a massive range of subjects and it needs to be grasped to reach the Mains examination. You are supposed to attain knowledge that is somewhat below the graduation levels.

Go Through Previous Year Paper 


Getting through last year’s papers will provide an effective understanding of the questions being asked. While studying different subjects, just keep in mind the hard work. It’s a blend of hard work and deep work.

Do subject-wise study

History/Indian Culture 

An extensive portion of the topics questioned in General Studies for originates from Indian History.

The syllabus of History is distributed in to in 3 parts – Ancient Indian History, Medieval Indian History and Modern Indian History.

Aspirants need to prioritize the topics for Indian History, Modern India, and Art and Culture must be the first choice. In other words, aspirants should not overlook topics of low importance.

Geography is split into two parts – Indian Geography and World Geography

This is the only section that gets you more marks in the Preliminary Examination.

Indian Geography

  1. Physiography of India
  2. River Systems of India
  3. Climate
  4. Mineral Wealth of India
  5. Soil & Soil Types in India
  6. Agriculture
  7. Forests
  8. Wildlife & Conservation
  9. Human Geography

World Geography 

These are complete topics that any aspirant should study before the exam:

  1. The Earth & the Universe
  2. Landforms and their formation
  3. Atmosphere
  4. Wind System
  5. Clouds & Precipitation
  6. Hydrosphere
  7. Different Types of Climate & Climatic Regions of the World

It is tremendously imperative to highpoint the understanding of World Geography that ensures to make Indian Physical Geography and other topics like Environment very simple and easy.


There is an important figure of questions that appear from polity and they have been found to be straight and reaching from simple to reasonable.

For polity, begin with topics that you are most aware of. Aspirants need not begin in the same arrangement as the Table of Contents. For instance, you may start with the subject of Fundamental Rights and Duties.


In the beginning, aspirants need to have the prior acquaintance of economics to crack the questions based on it. You will comprehend thoughts as you go on reading. Economics will become the subject of your interest. The good aspect of Indian Economy is that it is one section where you can overlook the swotting.

To understand Indian Economy better, you need to collect some accurate resources. NCERTs are sure to figure your fundamental understanding of the subject.

Read the following right at the onset of your preparation:

  • Principles of Macroeconomics – Std XII
  • Principles of Microeconomics – Std XII
  • Indian Economic Development – Std XI
  • March of the Indian economy by I.C Dhingra- heed publications

Science and Technology 

There are logical questions that appear in this section. To obtain good marks in Science and Technology section, you will first need to estimate the sort of questions that UPSC asks.


Ecology, Environment, Biodiversity and Climate Change is the greatest disturbing part for civil services aspirants. As there is no study material which can be tangible or comprehensive. Logically, it demands greater devotion to preparation.

These are the best and effective sources to study the Environment Section

  • NCERT Geography – Std VI to Std XI
  • NCERT Science – Std VII to Std X
  • NCERT Economy – Std XI
  • NCERT Biology – Std XII
  • NCERT Chemistry – Std XII
  • Shankar IAS – Environment
  • Notes from NIOS
  • ICSE Books- Std X & XI
  • India Year Book
  • Orient Blackswan School Atlas
  • Hindu Official website
  • Environmental Studies For Undergraduate Courses by Erach Bharucha
  • Ecology and environment by P. D. Sharma.
  • Down to Earth Magazine
  • Science Reporter
  • Economic Survey of India
  • Official Website of Environment Ministry: Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change Government of India

Current Affairs 

When you are preparing for the preliminary exam, don’t forget to find the path of current events. The questions come from various sections relating to current affairs.

Follow the business and economy section of important topics consisting of economics current affairs. The Hindu, Indian Express, and Business Standard are the most consistent source.